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Benz Patent-MotorwagenKarl Benz - Invention, Car & Facts - Biography

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The Benz Patent-Motorwagen "patent motorcar" , built in , is widely regarded as the world's first production automobile, [1] that is, a vehicle designed to be propelled by an internal combustion engine. The vehicle was awarded the German patent number , for which Karl Benz applied on 29 January Following official procedures, the date of the application became the patent date for the invention once the patent was granted, which occurred in November of that year.

Benz's wife, Bertha , financed the development process. Benz unveiled his invention to the public on 3 July , on the Ringstrasse in Mannheim. After developing a successful gasoline-powered two-stroke piston engine in , Benz focused on developing a motorized vehicle while maintaining a career as a designer and manufacturer of stationary engines and their associated parts. The Benz Patent-Motorwagen was a three-wheeled automobile with a rear-mounted engine.

The vehicle contained many new inventions. It was constructed of steel tubing with woodwork panels. The steel-spoked wheels and solid rubber tires were Benz's own design. Steering was by way of a toothed rack that pivoted the unsprung front wheel. Fully elliptic springs were used at the back along with a beam axle and chain drive on both sides. A simple belt system served as a single-speed transmission , varying torque between an open disc and drive disc.

Although its open crankcase and drip oiling system would be alien to a modern mechanic, its use of a pushrod -operated poppet valve for exhaust would be quite familiar. A large horizontal flywheel stabilized the single-cylinder engine's power output. An evaporative carburettor was controlled by a sleeve valve to regulate power and engine speed.

The first model of the Motorwagen had not been built with a carburetor, rather a basin of fuel soaked fibers that supplied fuel to the cylinder by evaporation. Benz later made more models of the Motorwagen, model number 2 had 1.

The chassis was improved in with the introduction of wooden-spoke wheels, a fuel tank, and a manual leather shoe brake on the rear wheels. Bertha Benz , Karl's wife, whose dowry financed their enterprise, was aware of the need for publicity.

She took the Patent-Motorwagen No. That trip occurred in early August , as the entrepreneurial lady took her sons Eugen and Richard, fifteen and fourteen years old, respectively, on a ride from Mannheim through Heidelberg , and Wiesloch , to her maternal hometown of Pforzheim.

As well as being the driver, Benz acted as mechanic on the drive, cleaning the carburetor with her hat pin and using a garter to insulate wire. She refueled at the local pharmacy in Wiesloch, taking on ligroin as fuel, making it the first filling station in history. As the brakes wore down, Benz asked a local shoemaker to nail leather on the brake blocks, thereby inventing brake linings.

In Germany, a parade of antique automobiles celebrates this historic trip of Bertha Benz every two years. In , the Bertha Benz Memorial Route [6] was officially approved as a route of industrial heritage of mankind, because it follows Bertha Benz's tracks of the world's first long-distance journey by automobile in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. German Patent and Trade Mark Office. Archived from the original on Daimler AG. Archived from the original on 21 November Retrieved 1 October Categories : Benz vehicles First car made by manufacturer s cars s cars German inventions Vehicles introduced in Hidden categories: CS1 German-language sources de Articles needing additional references from July All articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Articles with unsourced statements from August Commons category link is on Wikidata.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Benz Patent Motorwagen.

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19.02.2019 : 08:22 Виктория:

23.02.2019 : 22:09 compmihousu:
Джорджа сфотографировали в школе, в октябре прошлого года, менее чем за десять дней до его трагической смерти.

19.02.2019 : 09:13 Андрон:
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